Latin America is the cradle of some inventions that have revolutionized the world of medicine and aeronautics, as well as others that are part of everyday life.
Throughout history, many Latinos have known how to leave their mark in the world with their inventions. From complex scientific designs to objects and devices that make life easier for us, every day in Latin America we continue to make contributions to humanity.
Here we bring you some of the most important inventions created by Latinos:
Hercules Florence, was a French-Brazilian painter, designer, writer and inventor who can be considered a pioneer of photography. In 1833, he created a procedure that he named “photographya”, a term that was used in that case for the first time in history.
The method devised by Hercules consisted of the use of the camera obscura to take and fix images using paper sensitized with silver nitrate. It was applied for the capture and reproduction of diplomas, labels and pharmaceutical prescriptions.
2. Plasma rocket engine
VASIMIR is an invention of the Costa Rican astronaut and physicist Franklin Chang-Díaz. It is a plasma-based engine designed for the propulsion of space vehicles. This idea arose in 1979 and currently his private company Ad Astra, headquartered at NASA, continues to work on its development in collaboration with several research centers and space agencies.
3. Diamond tip scalpel
In 1967, the Venezuelan Humberto Fernández Morán became the only Latin American to receive the Jhon Scott Prize and was nominated to receive the Nobel Prize for his important invention.
The diamond tip scalpel is a high precision instrument used in ophthalmic microsurgery, among other uses. It has even been used to extract soil samples from the moon.
4. Ballpoint pen
This object present in the daily life of anyone in the world was invented by a Hungarian-Argentine Lászlo József Biró, better known as Ladislao José Biro in Argentina. This “ballpoint pen” was licensed in the United States in 1943 by Eversharp, which later became the Parker Pen Company. Since then its popularity is in the public eye.
An Electronics Engineer from Bogotá, Colombia, was the creator of the pacemaker in 1958. His name is Jorge Reynolds and he does not stop with his research and advances related to his contributions to medicine. Reynolds is now betting on the nano-pacemaker, which measures a quarter of a grain of rice and weighs 1.7 grams.
In the 1980s, the personal stereo cassette player was very fashionable. It was invented by the Brazilian-German Andreas Pavel. After many attempts to mass market his stereo belt, he finally struck a deal with Sony Electronics. Definitely the Walkman marked an entire era, being the first time that people could carry music with them.
7. Leprosy vaccine
The doctor and scientific researcher Jacinto Convit designed the model to combat leprosy in 1987. This was achieved by combining the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae and the vaccine against tuberculosis. His invention earned him multiple awards such as the Prince of Asturias and was nominated several times for the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
8. Traffic lights for the blind
Since 1923 it has been possible to have traffic lights designed to help the visually impaired to cross the streets safely. With a sound system, this invention is attributed to the Argentine Mario Dávila. Over time, this useful gadget has been improved upon with some updates and is expected to be universally adopted.
9. Jet Pack
The Mexican engineer, physicist and aviator Juan Manuel Lozano, with his Jet Pack or individual plane, made the dream of flying possible. This incredible machine allows you to propel and fly in a controlled way with just a backpack. At first it was used in shows and confrontations, but it has also served in rescue work, agricultural and oil activities.
10. Catalytic Nanomedicine
Mexican doctor Tessy López has invented a new branch of medicine to treat cancer. This discipline is based on applying particles to tumors to attack cancer cells more effectively. Through this method, the drugs are concentrated in the diseased cells, preventing them from dissipating.
These inventions are just a small sample of what Latinos have accomplished in all walks of life. And surely many more will come. From small essential objects in everyday life to incredible NASA machines, Latinos are here to stay!